Category Archives: Philosophy

名言一百二十二

The struggle of man against power is the struggle of memory against forgetting.

Milan Kundera

milankundera

Advertisements

名言一百二十一

… because they want to do that thing well and beautifully. and it’s not about quantity. It’s about taking pleasure in the perfection and beauty of the particular. I’m still learning now that it’s about good and maybe never done; that the joy and work ethic and virtuosity we bring to the particular can impart a singular type of enjoyment to those we give to and of course ourselves.

Natalie Portman

Harvard Commencement Speech 2015

陶傑 – 哲學君王

柏拉圖在三千年前說過,最理想的君王,是一個哲學家。也就是說,做領袖的最佳人選,是要懂得哲學,而且還活出哲學。

這句話不深奧。因為哲學家不一定是深奧的人,懂哲學的人,首先了解人性,尤其是人性的缺點和罪惡:嫉妒、貪婪、好色。哲學家不但有邏輯的思維,最重要的是他思考冷靜,對自己與生俱來的缺點,甚至罪惡的念頭,能以理性來抑制,因為他一面像高僧,看破了生死的短促,一面又有點像上帝,有澤披蒼生的慈悲。

柏拉圖的理想國領袖,與中國儒家講的「內聖外王」相似。中國人從前相信,皇帝必須是聖人。但這種期望不切實際。中國三千年,只有孟子和莊子是言行合一的聖人,連孔子也不全是,反而哲學家不必做聖人:蘇格拉底、康德、羅素,都不是聖人,但哲學家是最淡泊於私慾,最了解人性弱點,因此處事論斷,是相對最公正的人。
Continue reading 陶傑 – 哲學君王

名言一百一十四

I have never believed that man’s freedom consisted in doing what he wants to do, but rather in never doing what he does not want to do, and this is the freedom I have always craved and often enjoyed and because of which I have most scandalized my contemporaries.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

人的自由並不僅僅在於做他願意做的事,而在於永遠不做他不願意做的事。

盧梭

Reference: Quotations from Jean Jacques Rousseau’s Reveries of a Solitary Walker

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Enlightenment philosopher