Nginx + PHP-FPM on Ubuntu Precise

Previous post: Nginx – Installation on Ubuntu Precise

Most of the time we would like to run PHP on our web server. After you have installed Nginx following the post above. We can now enable PHP.

1. Install the PHP packages.

apt-get install php5-fpm
apt-get install php5-cli
apt-get install php5-gd
apt-get install php-pear


2. Edit /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini and set cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0.



3. Edit /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf such that it listens to socket, which is faster, instead of port.

;listen =
listen = /var/run/php5-fpm.sock


4. Here is an example of /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf.

user = www-data
group = www-data

;listen =
;listen.allowed_clients =

listen = /var/run/php5-fpm.sock
listen.owner = www-data = www-data
listen.mode = 0666

pm = dynamic
pm.max_children = 5
pm.start_servers = 1
pm.min_spare_servers = 1
pm.max_spare_servers = 3
pm.max_requests = 500
pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s;

chdir = /


5. Edit the /etc/nginx/sites-available/default or other VirtualHost which you want to enable PHP.

server {
  listen   80; ## listen for ipv4; this line is default and implied
  #listen   [::]:80 default ipv6only=on; ## listen for ipv6

  #root /usr/share/nginx/www;
  root /srv/www;
  index index.php index.html index.htm;

  # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
  #server_name localhost;
  server_name <your domain name>;

  location / {
    # First attempt to serve request as file, then
    # as directory, then fall back to index.html
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
    # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
    # include /etc/nginx/naxsi.rules

  location /doc/ {
    alias /usr/share/doc/;
    autoindex on;
    deny all;

  # Only for nginx-naxsi : process denied requests
  #location /RequestDenied {
    # For example, return an error code
    #return 418;

  #error_page 404 /404.html;

  # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
  #error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
  #location = /50x.html {
  # root /usr/share/nginx/www;

  # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on
  location ~ \.php$ {
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
    # NOTE: You should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini

    # With php5-cgi alone:
    # fastcgi_pass;
    # With php5-fpm:
    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    include fastcgi_params;

  # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
  # concurs with nginx's one
  #location ~ /\.ht {
  # deny all;


5. Restart the PHP-FPM and Nginx.

/etc/init.d/php5-fpm restart
/etc/init.d/nginx restart


6. Put the phpinfo.php in the webroot folder (/srv/www in this example).

<?php phpinfo(); ?>


7. Check it out on browser.

Done =)

Next post: Nginx – Enable Microcaching

Reference: Installing Nginx With PHP5 (And PHP-FPM) And MySQL Support On Ubuntu 11.10


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